Gender violence

All parts of the pattern interact with each other and can have profound physical and emotional effects on survivors.

Violence against women

This is in part because many kinds of violence against women specifically rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence are under-reported, often due to societal norms, taboos, stigma, and the sensitive nature of the subject.

Although statistics on the prevalence of violence vary, the scale is tremendous, the scope is vast, and the consequences for individuals, families, communities, and countries are devastating. President Obama signed into law the VAWA ofwhich granted Native American tribes the ability to prosecute non-Native offenders, and regulated reports of sexual assault on college campuses.

Article 3 lists examples of these rights, such as the right to life, the right to equality, the right to the highest standard attainable of physical and mental health, or the right not to be subjected to torture, or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Unless women, girls, men, and boys fully enjoy their human rights and are free from violence, progress toward development will fall short. Abuse related to payment of bride price such as violence, trafficking and forced marriage is linked to parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania.

What is Gender-Based Violence?

This includes any abuse that occurs within the family context where the perpetrator is known to the girl or woman. The analysis found that women who had been physically or sexually abused were 1.

Other forms of sexual violence include, but are not limited to: Perpetrators may be persons in positions of authority who are respected and trusted e.

Health effects can also include headaches, back pain, abdominal pain, gastrointestinal disorders, limited mobility and poor overall health.

This is often seen in the form of violence at the hands of police, prison guards, refugee camp guards, border officials, and even peacekeeping troops.

While women, girls, men and boys can be victims of GBV, the main focus of this resource package is on violence against women and girls.

What Is Gender-based Violence (GBV)?

A man beating a woman is shown in the back. President Bush signed into law the VAWA ofwith an emphasis on programs to address violence against youth victims, and establishing programs for Engaging Men and Youth, and Culturally and Linguistically Specific Services. These justifications are questionable precisely because the defenses are generally voiced by political leaders or traditional authorities, not by those actually affected.

It is vital to promote the rights of all individuals and reduce gender-based violence while mitigating its harmful effects on individuals and communities. Female genital mutilation is found mostly in Africaand to a lesser extent in the Middle East and some other parts of Asia. The pattern consists of a variety of abusive acts, occurring in multiple episodes over the course of the relationship.

The project also implements training for Village Health Workers to improve sexual and reproductive health services. Importantly, other than the issue of social divisions, violence can also extend into the realm of health issues and become a direct concern of the public health sector.

They also suffer … consequences [on their sexual and reproductive health], including forced and unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions and resulting deaths, traumatic fistula, and higher risks of sexually transmitted infections STIs and HIV. Africa[ edit ] The prevalence of violence against women is very severe in Africa where around one third of African women report to have experienced domestic violence both physical and sexual.

The programmatic package available on this website uses the term gender-based violence GBV. Marriage by abduction is found in EthiopiaCentral Asia and the Caucasus.

Defining Gender-Based Violence

Experts in the international community generally believe, however, that solely enacting punitive legislation for prevention and punishment of violence against women is not sufficient to address the problem.

Further, women and girls victims of violence suffer specific consequences as a result of gender discrimination. This has supported efforts to reduce levels of impunity and promote fairness in the treatment of GBV survivors. This includes violations that are condoned and committed by individuals associated with the government.

Men are more likely to perpetrate violence if they have low education, a history of child maltreatment, exposure to domestic violence against their mothers, harmful use of alcohol, unequal gender norms including attitudes accepting of violence, and a sense of entitlement over women.

This Declaration, as well as the World Conference of the same year, is often viewed as a "turning point" at which the consideration of violence against women by the international community began to be taken much more seriously, and after which more countries mobilized around this problem.

South America[ edit ] A major cause of gendered violence in Central and South America comes from a high prevalence of gangs affiliation and membership. The Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence analyzes the types and dynamics of gender violence in Asian and Pacific Islander communities including domestic violence, sexual violence, domestic violence related homicide, abusive international marriages, elder abuse, HIV & IPV, forced marriage, and trafficking.

“Gender-based violence (GBV) is the general term used to capture violence that occurs as a result of the normative role expectations associated with each gender, along with the unequal power relationships between the two genders, within the context of a specific society.” (Bloomp14).

Gender-based violence (GBV) is a human rights violation, a public health challenge, and a barrier to civic, social, political, and economic participation. It undermines not only the safety, dignity, overall health status, and human rights of the millions of individuals who experience it, but also the public health, economic stability, and security of nations.

Gender inequality and norms on the acceptability of violence against women are a root cause of violence against women. Health consequences Intimate partner (physical, sexual and emotional) and sexual violence cause serious short- and long-term physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health problems for women.

'Gender-based violence' and 'violence against women' are terms that are often used interchangeably as most gender-based violence is inflicted by men on women and girls.

Preventing and Responding to Gender-based Violence

However, it is important to retain the 'gender-based' aspect of the concept as this highlights the fact that violence against women. Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, and continues to be one of the most notable human rights violations within all societies.

Gender-based violence is violence directed against a person because of their gender.

What is gender-based violence? Gender violence
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About Gender-Based Violence - Asian Pacific Institute on Gender Based Violence Website